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This topic is unique, and i would like to delve deeper into it.

by | Nov 5, 2022 | Geography | 0 comments

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The subject I have chosen is the 15 January 2022 eruption of the Hunga-Tonga-Hunga-Ha’apai volcano.
This topic is unique, and I would like to delve deeper into it. The major eruption from Tonga’s Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha’apai (HTHH) volcano generated a transoceanic tsunami. A combined ocean and air shock wave led to this eruption. Its force was determined to be 4 to 18 megatons of trinitrotoluene (Mt)4, based on the energy released by a magnitude 5.8 earthquake1. According to NPR5, this energy reached 10 Mt. The analysis of ionospheric readings indicated that the most enormous explosion, one of five during the eruption, happened at about 04:16:20 UTC6, with an estimated range of 9-37 Mt. The tsunami, triggered by this underwater volcano, surged 83 centimeters in the Nuku’alofa district of Tongatapu, Tonga. According to the Tongan government, the highest water level in Tongatapu’s northwest area was roughly 15 m3. The episode had a baseline VEI-5 rating on the spectrum of volcanic explosiveness. These details add together to make this a fascinating topic.
The Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha’apai volcano can be found in the western part of the South Pacific Ocean, to the west of the main populated islands that make up the Kingdom of Tonga. It comprises the little islands of Hunga Tonga and Hunga Ha’apai and the shallow reefs surrounding the caldera rim of a much bigger underwater formation. The Tofua Arc, a portion of the broader Tonga-Kermadec volcanoes, is composed of twelve distinct submerged volcanoes. Over the course of geological timescales, the Pacific Plate was pushed under the Indo-Australian Plate, forming the Tonga-Kermadec arc. The largest island in the country, Tongatapu, is positioned around 65 kilometers (40 miles) north of Tonga-Hunga Haapai. The Tonga-Kermadec Islands subduction zone that runs from New Zealand to Fiji and is home to multiple active volcanoes includes this region.

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